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Proceedings Article

A comparative evaluation of Raman and fluorescence spectroscopy for optical diagnosis of oral neoplasia

[+] Author Affiliations
S. K. Majumder, H. Krishna, P. K. Gupta

Raja Ramanna Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)

M. Sidramesh, P. Chaturvedi

Tata Memorial Hospital (India)

Proc. SPIE 8173, Photonics 2010: Tenth International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, 817306 (August 12, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.898904
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From Conference Volume 8173

  • Photonics 2010: Tenth International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics
  • Sunil K. Khijwania; Banshi D. Gupta; Bishnu P. Pal; Anurag Sharma
  • Guwahati, India | December 11, 2010

abstract

We report the results of a comparative evaluation of in vivo fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy for diagnosis of oral neoplasia. The study carried out at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, involved 26 healthy volunteers and 138 patients being screened for neoplasm of oral cavity. Spectral measurements were taken from multiple sites of abnormal as well as apparently uninvolved contra-lateral regions of the oral cavity in each patient. The different tissue sites investigated belonged to one of the four histopathology categories: 1) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 2) oral sub-mucous fibrosis (OSMF), 3) leukoplakia (LP) and 4) normal squamous tissue. A probability based multivariate statistical algorithm utilizing nonlinear Maximum Representation and Discrimination Feature for feature extraction and Sparse Multinomial Logistic Regression for classification was developed for direct multi-class classification in a leave-one-patient-out cross validation mode. The results reveal that the performance of Raman spectroscopy is considerably superior to that of fluorescence in stratifying the oral tissues into respective histopathologic categories. The best classification accuracy was observed to be 90%, 93%, 94%, and 89% for SCC, SMF, leukoplakia, and normal oral tissues, respectively, on the basis of leave-one-patient-out cross-validation, with an overall accuracy of 91%. However, when a binary classification was employed to distinguish spectra from all the SCC, SMF and leukoplakik tissue sites together from normal, fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy were seen to have almost comparable performances with Raman yielding marginally better classification accuracy of 98.5% as compared to 94% of fluorescence.

© (2010) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

S. K. Majumder ; H. Krishna ; M. Sidramesh ; P. Chaturvedi and P. K. Gupta
"A comparative evaluation of Raman and fluorescence spectroscopy for optical diagnosis of oral neoplasia", Proc. SPIE 8173, Photonics 2010: Tenth International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, 817306 (August 12, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.898904; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.898904


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