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Proceedings Article

Photoacoustic design parameter optimization for deep tissue imaging by numerical simulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhaohui Wang, Seung-Han Ha

Univ. of Pittsburgh Medical Ctr. (USA)

Kang Kim

Univ. of Pittsburgh Medical Ctr. (USA) and Univ. of Pittsburgh (USA)

Proc. SPIE 8223, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2012, 822346 (February 9, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.912973
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From Conference Volume 8223

  • Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2012
  • Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang
  • San Francisco, California, USA | January 21, 2012

abstract

A new design of light illumination scheme for deep tissue photoacoustic (PA) imaging, a light catcher, is proposed and evaluated by in silico simulation. Finite element (FE)-based numerical simulation model was developed for photoacoustic (PA) imaging in soft tissues. In this in silico simulation using a commercially available FE simulation package (COMSOL MultiphysicsTM, COMSOL Inc., USA), a short-pulsed laser point source (pulse length of 5 ns) was placed in water on the tissue surface. Overall, four sets of simulation models were integrated together to describe the physical principles of PA imaging. Light energy transmission through background tissues from the laser source to the target tissue or contrast agent was described by diffusion equation. The absorption of light energy and its conversion to heat by target tissue or contrast agent was modeled using bio-heat equation. The heat then causes the stress and strain change, and the resulting displacement of the target surface produces acoustic pressure. The created wide-band acoustic pressure will propagate through background tissues to the ultrasound detector, which is governed by acoustic wave equation. Both optical and acoustical parameters in soft tissues such as scattering, absorption, and attenuation are incorporated in tissue models. PA imaging performance with different design parameters of the laser source and energy delivery scheme was investigated. The laser light illumination into the deep tissues can be significantly improved by up to 134.8% increase of fluence rate by introducing a designed compact light catcher with highly reflecting inner surface surrounding the light source. The optimized parameters through this simulation will guide the design of PA system for deep tissue imaging, and help to form the base protocols of experimental evaluations in vitro and in vivo.

© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Zhaohui Wang ; Seung-Han Ha and Kang Kim
"Photoacoustic design parameter optimization for deep tissue imaging by numerical simulation", Proc. SPIE 8223, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2012, 822346 (February 9, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.912973; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.912973


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