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Proceedings Article

Data fusion on a distributed heterogeneous sensor network

[+] Author Affiliations
Peter Lamborn

Mississippi State Univ.

Pamela J. Williams

Sandia National Labs.

Proc. SPIE 6242, Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2006, 62420R (April 18, 2006); doi:10.1117/12.665850
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From Conference Volume 6242

  • Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2006
  • Belur V. Dasarathy
  • Orlando (Kissimmee), FL | April 17, 2006

abstract

Alarm-based sensor systems are being explored as a tool to expand perimeter security for facilities and force protection. However, the collection of increased sensor data has resulted in an insufficient solution that includes faulty data points. Data analysis is needed to reduce nuisance and false alarms, which will improve officials' decision making and confidence levels in the system's alarms. Moreover, operational costs can be allayed and losses mitigated if authorities are alerted only when a real threat is detected. In the current system, heuristics such as persistence of alarm and type of sensor that detected an event are used to guide officials' responses. We hypothesize that fusing data from heterogeneous sensors in the sensor field can provide more complete situational awareness than looking at individual sensor data. We propose a two stage approach to reduce false alarms. First, we use self organizing maps to cluster sensors based on global positioning coordinates and then train classifiers on the within cluster data to obtain a local view of the event. Next, we train a classifier on the local results to compute a global solution. We investigate the use of machine learning techniques, such as k -nearest neighbor, neural networks, and support vector machines to improve alarm accuracy. On simulated sensor data, the proposed approach identifies false alarms with greater accuracy than a weighted voting algorithm.

© (2006) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Peter Lamborn and Pamela J. Williams
"Data fusion on a distributed heterogeneous sensor network", Proc. SPIE 6242, Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2006, 62420R (April 18, 2006); doi:10.1117/12.665850; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.665850


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