We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, successful beam control of a fiber optic phased array containing a large number of polarization maintaining fibers. As many as forty-eight fibers have been coherently combined via individual all-fiber phase modulators. The residual phase error is less than 1/30th of a wave. Results with both near-field interferometric control and target-in-the-loop control have been obtained. Experimental results are compared with numerical simulations and excellent agreement has been achieved. We investigated propagation of this phased array output through a turbulent atmosphere, and used the all-fiber phase modulators for the compensation of turbulence effects on the array output. This work paves the way towards scaling such fiber optic phased arrays to very high fiber count. Eventually thousand of fibers can be controlled via such a scheme.© (2006) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.