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Proceedings Article

Humidity contribution to C2n over a 600m pathlength in a tropical marine environment

[+] Author Affiliations
Mark P. J. L. Chang

Univ. de Puerto Rico, Mayagüez

Carlos O. Font, Charmaine Gilbreath, Eun Oh

Naval Research Lab.

Proc. SPIE 6457, Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIX and Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, 64570W (February 12, 2007); doi:10.1117/12.717948
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From Conference Volume 6457

  • Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIX and Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
  • Steve Mecherle; Olga Korotkova
  • San Jose, CA | January 20, 2007

abstract

We present new optical turbulence structure parameter measurements, C2n, over sea water between La Parguera and Magueyes Island (17.6N 67W) on the southwest coast of Puerto Rico. The 600 meter horizontal paths were located approximately 1.5 m and 10 m above sea level. No data of this type has ever been made available in the literature. Based on the data, we show that the C2n measurements are about 7 times less compared to equivalent land data. This strong evidence reinforces our previous argument1-4 that humidity must be accounted for to better ascertain the near surface atmospheric turbulence effects, which current visible / near infrared C2n bulk models fail to do. We also explore the generalised fractal dimension of this littoral data and compare it to our reference land data. We find cases that exhibit monofractal characteristics, that is to say, the effect of rising temperatures during the daylight hours upon turbulence are counterbalanced by humidity, leading to a single characteristic scale for the measurements. In other words, significant moisture changes in the measurement volume cancels optical turbulence increases due to temperature rises.

© (2007) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Mark P. J. L. Chang ; Carlos O. Font ; Charmaine Gilbreath and Eun Oh
"Humidity contribution to C2n over a 600m pathlength in a tropical marine environment", Proc. SPIE 6457, Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIX and Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, 64570W (February 12, 2007); doi:10.1117/12.717948; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.717948


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