Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Proceedings Article

Microoptical device for efficient read-out of active WGM resonators

[+] Author Affiliations
Tobias Wienhold, Marko Brammer, Tobias Grossmann, Marc Schneider, Heinz Kalt, Timo Mappes

Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)

Proc. SPIE 8428, Micro-Optics 2012, 842812 (June 1, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.921990
Text Size: A A A
From Conference Volume 8428

  • Micro-Optics 2012
  • Hugo Thienpont; Jürgen Mohr; Hans Zappe; Hirochika Nakajima
  • Brussels, Belgium | April 16, 2012


Whispering-gallery mode (WGM) resonators are known to offer outstanding properties for applications in photonics and telecommunication. Despite their promising performance, one major obstacle for the use of WGM resonators in industrial products is the need of expensive components and high-precision setups for their operation, requiring a controlled lab environment. For industrial applications technically simpler and more robust realizations are desired. Active WGM resonators utilize an optical gain medium for light amplification within the resonator and may be operated as lasers. They offer several advantages over their passive counterparts, such as cheap pump sources, free space excitation of resonator modes, and potentially narrower line widths. However, collection of the light emitted from the resonator still bears several challenges. Emission occurs in plane of the resonator and radiation is emitted isotropically along the circumference. Thus, detectors positioned in plane of the resonator may collect only a limited angular segment of the resonator's light emission. We report on a microoptical device which is integrated on the resonator chip and redirects all in-plane emission of active WGM resonators into a defined off-plane direction. Redirected light can easily be collected using a standard detector. Contrary to other approaches our microoptical device does not decrease the quality factor (Q factor) of the resonator. As light from all angular segments of the resonator is collected, the detected signal-to-noise ratio is expected to be largely improved. Our microoptical device therefore offers a promising approach towards mass-producible integration of active WGM resonators, e. g. into a Lab-on-a-Chip, for sensor applications, where smallest possible frequency shifts need to be read out by a highly sensitive detector.

© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

Tobias Wienhold ; Marko Brammer ; Tobias Grossmann ; Marc Schneider ; Heinz Kalt, et al.
"Microoptical device for efficient read-out of active WGM resonators", Proc. SPIE 8428, Micro-Optics 2012, 842812 (June 1, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.921990; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.921990

Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this proceeding ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).



Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Book Chapters

Topic Collections



  • Don't have an account?
  • Subscribe to the SPIE Digital Library
  • Create a FREE account to sign up for Digital Library content alerts and gain access to institutional subscriptions remotely.
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this proceeding ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Chapter

Access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions and is not available as part of a personal subscription. Print or electronic versions of individual SPIE books may be purchased via SPIE.org.