Optical properties of the Ce:YAG glass-ceramic (GC) phosphor for the white LED were investigated. Concentration dependence of fluorescence intensity of Ce3+:5d→4f transition in the GC showed a maximum at 0.5mol%Ce2O3. Quantum efficiency (QE) of Ce3+ fluorescence in the GC materials, the color coordinate and luminous flux of electroluminescence of LED composite were evaluated with an integrating sphere. QE increased with increasing ceramming temperature of the as-made glass. The color coordinates (x,y) of the composite were increased with increasing thickness of the GC mounted on a blue LED chip. The effect of Gd2O3 substitution on the optical properties of the GC materials was also investigated. The excitation and emission wavelength shifted to longer side up to Gd/(Y+Gd)=0.40 in molar composition. As a result, the color coordinate locus of the LED with various thickness of the GdYAG-GC shifted to closer to the Planckian locus for the blackbody radiation. These results were explained by partial substitution of Gd3+ ions in the precipitated YAG micro-crystals, leading to the increase of lattice constant of unit cell, which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction.© (2005) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.