To open up new optical frequency resources for communications, a concept called all-band photonics is proposed. This concept focuses on 1-μm waveband photonic transmission and device technologies, thereby pioneering a new waveband for photonic transport systems (PTSs). To construct the 1-μm PTS, a novel semiconductor light-source, optical-fiber transmission lines, and optical amplifiers are developed. In this paper, we demonstrate a 1-μm waveband, high bit-rate (>10 Gbps), and long-distance photonic transmission system by using attractive photonic devices such as mode-locked semiconductor lasers (MLL), wavelength tunable quantum dot (QD) lasers, QD optical frequency comb lasers (QD-CMLs), holey-fiber transmission lines, and Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers (YDFAs).© (2009) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.