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Proceedings Article

Electrically switchable achromatic liquid crystal polarization gratings on reflective substrates

[+] Author Affiliations
Chulwoo Oh, Michael J. Escuti

North Carolina State Univ. (USA)

Proc. SPIE 7050, Liquid Crystals XII, 705019 (August 28, 2008); doi:10.1117/12.795738
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From Conference Volume 7050

  • Liquid Crystals XII
  • Iam Choon Khoo
  • San Diego, CA | August 10, 2008

abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated broadband light modulation by achromatic liquid crystal (LC) polarization gratings (PGs), which manifest polarization-independent modulation with high efficiencies (≥95%). Recently, we introduced achromatic PGs with a unique double-layer, reversed-twist structure as efficient, broadband polarizing beamsplitters. We now report on our successful implementation of electrically switchable achromatic LCPGs on a reflective substrate. To pattern a spiraling, periodically varying LC profile, we utilize polarization holography and photoalignment techniques. Use of reflective substrates enables the same retardation compensation of double-layer achromatic PGs. In addition, perhaps most importantly, the single cell structure allows the electro-optical switching/modulation by applying an electric field across the cell. The achromatic LCPG sample shows steeper voltage responses and less spectral shifts while operating in grayscale with respect to previously reported LCPGs. Relatively faster switching times (~6 msec for 3 μm-thickness) were measured compared to a conventional LCPG with the same thickness (~10 msec). Interesting electro-optical behaviors were also observed including zero-voltage threshold and a hysteresis in the voltage response.

© (2008) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Chulwoo Oh and Michael J. Escuti
"Electrically switchable achromatic liquid crystal polarization gratings on reflective substrates", Proc. SPIE 7050, Liquid Crystals XII, 705019 (August 28, 2008); doi:10.1117/12.795738; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.795738


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