Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Proceedings Article

InP-based Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays for three-dimensional imaging at 1.06 μm

[+] Author Affiliations
Mark A. Itzler, Mark Entwistle, Mark Owens, Xudong Jiang, Ketan Patel, Krystyna Slomkowski, Tim Koch, Sabbir Rangwala

Princeton Lightwave, Inc. (USA)

Peter F. Zalud, Young Yu, John Tower, Joseph Ferraro

Sarnoff Corp. (USA)

Proc. SPIE 7320, Advanced Photon Counting Techniques III, 73200O (April 29, 2009); doi:10.1117/12.820564
Text Size: A A A
From Conference Volume 7320

  • Advanced Photon Counting Techniques III
  • Mark A. Itzler; Joe C. Campbell
  • Orlando, Florida, USA | April 13, 2009

abstract

We report on the development of 32 x 32 focal plane arrays (FPAs) based on InGaAsP/InP Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (GmAPDs) designed for use in three-dimensional (3-D) laser radar imaging systems at 1064 nm. To our knowledge, this is the first realization of FPAs for 3-D imaging that employ a planar-passivated buried-junction InP-based GmAPD device platform. This development also included the design and fabrication of custom readout integrate circuits (ROICs) to perform avalanche detection and time-of-flight measurements on a per-pixel basis. We demonstrate photodiode arrays (PDAs) with a very narrow breakdown voltage distribution width of 0.34 V, corresponding to a breakdown voltage total variation of less than +/- 0.2%. At an excess bias voltage of 3.3 V, which provides 40% pixel-level single photon detection efficiency, we achieve average dark count rates of 2 kHz at an operating temperature of 248 K. We present the characterization of optical crosstalk induced by hot carrier luminescence during avalanche events, where we show that the worst-case crosstalk probability per pixel, which occurs for nearest neighbors, has a value of less than 1.6% and exhibits anisotropy due to isolation trench etch geometry. To demonstrate the FPA response to optical density variations, we show a simple image of a broadened optical beam.

© (2009) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Mark A. Itzler ; Mark Entwistle ; Mark Owens ; Xudong Jiang ; Ketan Patel, et al.
"InP-based Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays for three-dimensional imaging at 1.06 μm", Proc. SPIE 7320, Advanced Photon Counting Techniques III, 73200O (April 29, 2009); doi:10.1117/12.820564; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.820564


Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this proceeding ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).

Figures

Tables

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Book Chapters

Topic Collections

Advertisement
  • Don't have an account?
  • Subscribe to the SPIE Digital Library
  • Create a FREE account to sign up for Digital Library content alerts and gain access to institutional subscriptions remotely.
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this proceeding ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Chapter

Access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions and is not available as part of a personal subscription. Print or electronic versions of individual SPIE books may be purchased via SPIE.org.