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Proceedings Article

Laser beam propagation through a full scale aircraft turboprop engine exhaust

[+] Author Affiliations
Markus Henriksson, Ove Gustafsson, Lars Sjöqvist

Swedish Defence Research Agency (Sweden)

Dirk Seiffer, Norbert Wendelstein

Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)

Proc. SPIE 7836, Technologies for Optical Countermeasures VII, 78360L (October 12, 2010); doi:10.1117/12.864679
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From Conference Volume 7836

  • Technologies for Optical Countermeasures VII
  • David H. Titterton; Mark A. Richardson
  • Toulouse, France | September 20, 2010

abstract

The exhaust from engines introduces zones of extreme turbulence levels in local environments around aircraft. This may disturb the performance of aircraft mounted optical and laser systems. The turbulence distortion will be especially devastating for optical missile warning and laser based DIRCM systems used to protect manoeuvring aircraft against missile attacks, situations where the optical propagation path may come close to the engine exhaust. To study the extent of the turbulence zones caused by the engine exhaust and the strength of the effects on optical propagation through these zones a joint trial between Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom was performed using a medium sized military turboprop transport aircraft tethered to the ground at an airfield. This follows on earlier trials performed on a down-scaled jet-engine test rig. Laser beams were propagated along the axis of the aircraft at different distances relative to the engine exhaust and the spatial beam profiles and intensity scintillations were recorded with cameras and photodiodes. A second laser beam path was directed from underneath the loading ramp diagonally past one of the engines. The laser wavelengths used were 1.5 and 3.6 μm. In addition to spatial beam profile distortions temporal effects were investigated. Measurements were performed at different propeller speeds and at different distances from exhaust nozzle to the laser path. Significant increases in laser beam wander and long term beam radius were observed with the engine running. Corresponding increases were also registered in the scintillation index and the temporal fluctuations of the instantaneous power collected by the detector.

© (2010) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Markus Henriksson ; Ove Gustafsson ; Lars Sjöqvist ; Dirk Seiffer and Norbert Wendelstein
"Laser beam propagation through a full scale aircraft turboprop engine exhaust", Proc. SPIE 7836, Technologies for Optical Countermeasures VII, 78360L (October 12, 2010); doi:10.1117/12.864679; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.864679


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