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Proceedings Article

Design and fabrication of a highly off-axis binary multi-phase-level computer-generated hologram based on an effective medium approach

[+] Author Affiliations
Wiebke Freese, Thomas Kämpfe, Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Andreas Tünnermann

Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena (Germany)

Proc. SPIE 7927, Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics IV, 792710 (February 14, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.875007
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From Conference Volume 7927

  • Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics IV
  • Winston V. Schoenfeld; Jian Jim Wang; Marko Loncar; Thomas J. Suleski
  • San Francisco, California | January 22, 2011

abstract

Computer-generated holograms (CGHs) are important for many tasks in modern optics. High efficiencies rely on an increasing number of phase steps which usually complicates the fabrication process. In this paper, we demonstrate an effective medium approach which uses binary subwavelength structures instead of a conventional surface relief profile to generate a specific phase pattern. Consequently, the fabrication process is simplified to one exposure and one etching step independent from the number of phase levels. This offers new perspectives in designing large-scale highly efficient diffractive elements with large deviation angles. For demonstration, a highly off-axis 3-level CGH for a projection screen application is designed, fabricated and experimentally evaluated.

© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Wiebke Freese ; Thomas Kämpfe ; Ernst-Bernhard Kley and Andreas Tünnermann
"Design and fabrication of a highly off-axis binary multi-phase-level computer-generated hologram based on an effective medium approach", Proc. SPIE 7927, Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics IV, 792710 (February 14, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.875007; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.875007


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