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Proceedings Article

Detecting cracks in ceramic matrix composites by electrical resistance

[+] Author Affiliations
Craig Smith, Andrew Gyekenyesi

Ohio Aerospace Institute (USA)

Proc. SPIE 7983, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2011, 79830N (April 18, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.882027
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From Conference Volume 7983

  • Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2011
  • San Diego, California, USA | March 06, 2011

abstract

The majority of damage in SiC/SiC ceramic matrix composites subjected to monotonic tensile loads is in the form of distributed matrix cracks. These cracks initiate near stress concentrations, such as 90° fiber tows or large matrix pores and continue to accumulate with additional stress until matrix crack saturation is achieved. Such damage is difficult to detect with conventional nondestructive evaluation techniques (immersion ultrasonics, x-ray, etc.). Monitoring a specimen's electrical resistance change provides an indirect approach for monitoring matrix crack density. Sylramic-iBN fiber- reinforced SiC composites with a melt infiltrated (MI) matrix were tensile tested at room temperature. Results showed an increase in resistance of more than 500% prior to fracture, which can be detected either in situ or post-damage. A relationship between resistance change and matrix crack density was also determined.

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Citation

Craig Smith and Andrew Gyekenyesi
"Detecting cracks in ceramic matrix composites by electrical resistance", Proc. SPIE 7983, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2011, 79830N (April 18, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.882027; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.882027


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