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Proceedings Article

Non-contact detection of cardiac rate based on visible light imaging device

[+] Author Affiliations
Huishi Zhu, Yuejin Zhao, Liquan Dong

Beijing Institute of Technology (China)

Proc. SPIE 8498, Optics and Photonics for Information Processing VI, 849806 (October 15, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.929203
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From Conference Volume 8498

  • Optics and Photonics for Information Processing VI
  • Abdul A. S. Awwal; Khan M. Iftekharuddin
  • San Diego, California, USA | August 12, 2012

abstract

We have developed a non-contact method to detect human cardiac rate at a distance. This detection is based on the general lighting condition. Using the video signal of human face region captured by webcam, we acquire the cardiac rate based on the PhotoPlethysmoGraphy theory. In this paper, the cardiac rate detecting method is mainly in view of the blood’s different absorptivities of the lights various wavelengths. Firstly, we discompose the video signal into RGB three color signal channels and choose the face region as region of interest to take average gray value. Then, we draw three gray-mean curves on each color channel with time as variable. When the imaging device has good fidelity of color, the green channel signal shows the PhotoPlethysmoGraphy information most clearly. But the red and blue channel signals can provide more other physiological information on the account of their light absorptive characteristics of blood. We divide red channel signal by green channel signal to acquire the pulse wave. With the passband from 0.67Hz to 3Hz as a filter of the pulse wave signal and the frequency spectrum superimposed algorithm, we design frequency extracted algorithm to achieve the cardiac rate. Finally, we experiment with 30 volunteers, containing different genders and different ages. The results of the experiments are all relatively agreeable. The difference is about 2bmp. Through the experiment, we deduce that the PhotoPlethysmoGraphy theory based on visible light can also be used to detect other physiological information. © (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Huishi Zhu ; Yuejin Zhao and Liquan Dong
" Non-contact detection of cardiac rate based on visible light imaging device ", Proc. SPIE 8498, Optics and Photonics for Information Processing VI, 849806 (October 15, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.929203; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.929203


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