Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Proceedings Article

Depth perception from stationary and moving stereoscopic three-dimensional images

[+] Author Affiliations
Yu-Chi Tai, Sowjanya Gowrisankaran, Shun-nan Yang, James E. Sheedy, John R. Hayes

Pacific Univ. (United States)

Audrey C. Younkin, Philip J. Corriveau

Intel Corp. (United States)

Proc. SPIE 8648, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIV, 86480O (March 12, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2005166
Text Size: A A A
From Conference Volume 8648

  • Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIV
  • Andrew J. Woods; Nicolas S. Holliman; Gregg E. Favalora
  • Burlingame, California, USA | February 03, 2013

abstract

Purpose: The study evaluated the accuracy of depth perception afforded by static and dynamic stereoscopic three-dimensional (S3D) images with proportional (scaled to disparity) and constant size cues. Methods: Sixty adult participants, 18 to 40 years (mean, 24.8 years), with good binocular vision participated in the study. For static S3D trials, participants were asked to indicate the depth of stationary S3D images rendered with 36, 48 and 60 pixels of crossed disparity, and with either proportional or a constant size. For dynamic S3D trials, participants were asked to indicate the time when S3D images, moving at 27, 32 and 40 pixels/sec, matched the depth of a reference image which was presented with 36, 48 and 60 pixels of crossed image disparity. Results: Results show that viewers perceived S3D images as being closer than would be predicted by the magnitude of image disparity, and correspondingly they overestimated the depth in moving S3D images. The resultant depth perception and estimate of motion speed were more accurate for conditions with proportional and larger image size, slower motion-in-depth and larger image disparity. Conclusion: These findings possibly explain why effects such as looming are over stimulating in S3D viewing. To increase the accuracy of depth perception, S3D content should match image size to its disparity level, utilize larger depth separation (without inducing excessive discomfort) and render slower motion in depth. © (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

Topics

3D vision ; Vision
Citation

Yu-Chi Tai ; Sowjanya Gowrisankaran ; Shun-nan Yang ; James E. Sheedy ; John R. Hayes, et al.
" Depth perception from stationary and moving stereoscopic three-dimensional images ", Proc. SPIE 8648, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIV, 86480O (March 12, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2005166; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2005166


Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this proceeding ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).

Figures

Tables

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Book Chapters

Advertisement
  • Don't have an account?
  • Subscribe to the SPIE Digital Library
  • Create a FREE account to sign up for Digital Library content alerts and gain access to institutional subscriptions remotely.
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this proceeding ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Chapter

Access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions and is not available as part of a personal subscription. Print or electronic versions of individual SPIE books may be purchased via SPIE.org.