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Proceedings Article

Low-index metamaterials comprised of plasmonic dimers of aluminum-doped zinc oxide

[+] Author Affiliations
Hossein Alisafaee, P. M. Cox, Michael A. Fiddy

Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte (United States)

Proc. SPIE 8806, Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications VI, 88061L (September 11, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2024334
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From Conference Volume 8806

  • Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications VI
  • Allan D. Boardman; Nader Engheta; Mikhail A. Noginov; Nikolay I. Zheludev
  • San Diego, California, United States | August 25, 2013

abstract

Transparent conducting oxides (TCO) are an interesting class of plasmonic materials, which are under intensive study for their use in low-loss metamaterials and a range of applications such as sensing, imaging and transformation optics. Here, using both full-wave simulations and an equivalent circuit model for pairs of nanoparticles of aluminum doped zinc oxide (AZO), we study the plasmonic effects for low loss low index metamaterials for infrared applications. The behavior of localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) of AZO nanoparticle dimers embedded in a host polymer medium is investigated for different dimer orientations with respect to the indicent electromagnetic wave. In doing this, the role of dressed polarizability to enhance and quench the plasmonic effects is also considered. The effects of the nanoparticles relative size and the spacing between them are studied. Understanding these resonances and their dependence on dimer orientations, provides a means to design metamaterial structures for use in the near infrared (NIR) region with epsilon-near-zero properties leading also to low index metamaterials. In our studies, we demonstrate how nanospheres with radii less than 100 nm that are distributed with an average spacing less than their diameter, can result in an effective medium with refractive index less than one. We utilize a full-wave frequency domain finite element method in conjunction with an equivalent-circuit model for the nanoscale dimers in order to describe the spectral response of the bulk low index properties. We also present a statistical analysis to obtain the effective refractive index for incident light having different polarizations. © (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Hossein Alisafaee ; P. M. Cox and Michael A. Fiddy
" Low-index metamaterials comprised of plasmonic dimers of aluminum-doped zinc oxide ", Proc. SPIE 8806, Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications VI, 88061L (September 11, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2024334; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2024334


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