Transparent conducting oxides (TCOs), in general, are degenerated semiconductors with large electronic band-gap. They
have been widely used for display screens, optoelectronic, photonic, and photovoltaic devices due to their unique dual
transparent and conductive properties. In this study, we report in detail a technique that we developed to fabricate single
crystal TCO nanorod arrays with controlled conductivity, height, and lattice spacing in a simple one-zone tube furnace
system. We demonstrate how novel photonic/plasmonic properties can be obtained by selecting unique combinations of
these basic parameters of the nano-rod arrays.
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Shi Qiang Li ; Robert P. H. Chang and Leonidas E. Ocola
TCO Nanostructures as building blocks for nanophotonic devices in the infrared
", Proc. SPIE 8809, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XI, 880928 (September 11, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2025289; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2025289