A multi-conjugate adaptive optics systems has been deployed at the 1.5-meter solar telescope GREGOR for on-sun experiments of MCAO in November 2013. GREGOR MCAO incorporates three deformable mirrors (DMs) conjugate to 0, 8, and 25 km line of sight distance. Two correlating Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor units are deployed: a high-order on-axis wavefront sensor (OA-WFS) with 10-cm subapertures and 10 arcsec field of view, and a low-order multi-direction wavefront sensor (MD-WFS) with 50-cm subapertures that sample the wavefront in 19 guide regions distributed over one arcminute. The MCAO loop was closed repeatedly in November ’13, as well as in January and May ’14. However, in particular strong static aberrations that were not removed well by the system, derogated the image in the MCAO compensated focal plane. GREGOR MCAO is now permanently installed and available for experiments that shall advance the development of solar MCAO.
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Dirk Schmidt ; Thomas Berkefeld ; Frank Heidecke ; Andreas Fischer ; Oskar von der Lühe, et al.
GREGOR MCAO looking at the Sun
", Proc. SPIE 9148, Adaptive Optics Systems IV, 91481T (July 21, 2014); doi:10.1117/12.2055154; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2055154