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Proceedings Article

Scaling single-wavelength optical interconnects to 180 Gb/s with PAM-M and pulse shaping

[+] Author Affiliations
Stefanos Dris, Paraskevas Bakopoulos, Nikolaos Argyris, Christos Spatharakis, Hercules Avramopoulos

National Technical Univ. of Athens (Greece)

Proc. SPIE 9775, Next-Generation Optical Networks for Data Centers and Short-Reach Links III, 977506 (March 7, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2208876
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From Conference Volume 9775

  • Next-Generation Optical Networks for Data Centers and Short-Reach Links III
  • Atul K. Srivastava
  • San Francisco, California, United States | February 13, 2016

abstract

Faced with surging datacenter traffic demand, system designers are turning to multi-level optical modulation with direct detection as the means of reaching 100 Gb/s in a single optical lane; a further upgrade to 400 Gb/s is envisaged through wavelength-multiplexing of multiple 100 Gb/s strands. In terms of modulation formats, PAM-4 and PAM-8 are considered the front-runners, striking a good balance between bandwidth-efficiency and implementation complexity. In addition, the emergence of energy-efficient, high-speed CMOS digital-to-analog converters (DACs) opens up new possibilities: Spectral shaping through digital filtering will allow squeezing even more data through low-cost, low-bandwidth electro-optic components. In this work we demonstrate an optical interconnect based on an EAM that is driven directly with sub-volt electrical swing by a 65 GSa/s arbitrary waveform generator (AWG). Low-voltage drive is particularly attractive since it allows direct interfacing with the switch/server ASIC, eliminating the need for dedicated, power-hungry and expensive electrical drivers. Single-wavelength throughputs of 180 and 120 Gb/s are experimentally demonstrated with 60 Gbaud optical PAM-8 and PAM-4 respectively. Successful transmission over 1250 m SMF is achieved with direct-detection, using linear equalization via offline digital signal processing in order to overcome the strong bandwidth limitation of the overall link (~20 GHz). The suitability of Nyquist pulse shaping for optical interconnects is also investigated experimentally with PAM-4 and PAM-8, at a lower symbol rate of 40 Gbaud (limited by the sampling rate of the AWG). To the best of our knowledge, the rates achieved are the highest ever using optical PAM-M formats. © (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Stefanos Dris ; Paraskevas Bakopoulos ; Nikolaos Argyris ; Christos Spatharakis and Hercules Avramopoulos
" Scaling single-wavelength optical interconnects to 180 Gb/s with PAM-M and pulse shaping ", Proc. SPIE 9775, Next-Generation Optical Networks for Data Centers and Short-Reach Links III, 977506 (March 7, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2208876; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2208876


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