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Proceedings Article

Nanoparticle labeling of mesenchymal stem cells for in vivo imaging and tracking

[+] Author Affiliations
Laura M. Ricles, Seung Yun Nam, Laura J. Suggs

The Univ. of Texas at Austin (USA)

Konstantin Sokolov

The Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (USA) and The Univ. of Texas at Austin (USA)

Stanislav Emelianov

The Univ. of Texas at Austin (USA) and The Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (USA)

Proc. SPIE 7910, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications III, 79101A (February 11, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.875496
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From Conference Volume 7910

  • Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications III
  • Samuel Achilefu; Ramesh Raghavachari
  • San Francisco, California, USA | January 22, 2011

abstract

Stem cells can differentiate into multiple cell types, and thus have the potential to be used for tissue repair and regeneration. However, the participation of stem cells in wound repair and neovascularization is not well understood. As a result, there is a need to monitor and track stem cells in vivo in order to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms of the wound healing response. Noninvasive, long-term imaging is ideal in order to track stem cells within a single animal model. Thus, we are interested in developing an imaging approach to track gold nanoparticle loaded mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vivo after delivery via a hydrogel. This study assessed the effect on cell function of loading MSCs with gold nanoparticles. We examined the loading of MSCs with gold nanoparticles of various sizes and surface coatings using darkfield microscopy. We also examined the effect of nanoparticle loading on cell viability, proliferation, and differentiation. The feasibility of imaging nanoparticle loaded MSCs was examined by assessing cell viability and MSC tubulogenesis following laser irradiation. Our results demonstrate that loading MSCs with gold nanoparticles does not compromise cell function. These findings lend to the possibility of imaging MSCs in vivo with optical imaging.

© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Laura M. Ricles ; Seung Yun Nam ; Konstantin Sokolov ; Stanislav Emelianov and Laura J. Suggs
"Nanoparticle labeling of mesenchymal stem cells for in vivo imaging and tracking", Proc. SPIE 7910, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications III, 79101A (February 11, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.875496; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.875496


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