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Proceedings Article

Real-time SWIR hyperspectral imaging with polarimetric capability

[+] Author Affiliations
Gerald Wong, Andrew R. Harvey

Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)

Roger Pilkington

SELEX Galileo Ltd. (United Kingdom)

Rick Rickman

Waterfall Solutions Ltd. (United Kingdom)

Proc. SPIE 7812, Imaging Spectrometry XV, 781204 (August 13, 2010); doi:10.1117/12.859812
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From Conference Volume 7812

  • Imaging Spectrometry XV
  • Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis
  • San Diego, California, USA | August 01, 2010

abstract

Traditional hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensors are inherently time-sequential during capture, relying upon scanning techniques to construct the resultant hypercube. This temporal constraint hence restricts the use of HSI to static scenes or platforms. The novel sensor outlined within this paper enables snapshot HSI. The Near-Infrared Image Replicating Imaging Spectrometer (N-IRIS) operates without any rejection in polarized light. This prototype has eight SWIR bands and a diagonal FoV of two degrees, with potential for sixteen bands in other infrared regions. Unlike other snapshot techniques, N-IRIS produces a spectral image directly without inversion. Many additional benefits include inherent compactness, robustness, no-moving-parts operation, lower processing overheads and resource needs. Dual polarimetricspectral imaging is also possible due to its inherent design, which offers additional discrimination and higher throughput. HSI algorithms for anomaly detection are prolific in variety, but almost none of them consider the temporal dimension, mainly due to current limitations on speed. This paper describes the results from advanced algorithms implemented on COTS hardware for video-rate operation and designed to exploit the temporal dimension. The synergy with N-IRIS has achieved anomaly detection within streaming HSI hypercubes at video frame-rates. Recorded datasets include static ground scenes with transient targets, while further AVRIS imagery achieved the video-rate detection of embedded simulated targets therein. This new capability through N-IRIS hence broadens the potential application and benefit of HSI sensors to dynamic or transient situations.

© (2010) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Gerald Wong ; Andrew R. Harvey ; Roger Pilkington and Rick Rickman
"Real-time SWIR hyperspectral imaging with polarimetric capability", Proc. SPIE 7812, Imaging Spectrometry XV, 781204 (August 13, 2010); doi:10.1117/12.859812; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.859812


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