We developed an instrument design capable of measuring linear X-ray polarization over a broad-band using conventional spectroscopic optics, using a method previously described by Marshall (2008) involving laterally graded, multilayer-coated flat mirrors. We present possible science investigations with such an instrument and two possible configurations. This instrument could be used in a small orbiting mission or scaled up for the International X-ray Observatory. Laboratory work has begun that would demonstrate the capabilities of key components.© (2010) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.