3-D tailoring is a constructive method for the design of free-form optical elements for illumination. The light of a point source is redirected in a controlled manner to cast a prescribed irradiation pattern on a target surface. Free parameters can be used to control the shape of the surface resulting from the tailoring process. Every change in the parameters may lead to an entirely different design. Hence the choice of parameters is crucial for the technical feasibility and the visual appearance of the luminaire. Examples of free parameters are the chosen caustics, trimming of the surface, the choice between mirror and lens optics, and the mutual orientation of source and optical elements.© (2003) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.