The pentaprism test is based on the property of a paraboloidal surface where all rays parallel to the optical axis will go
through its focal point. We have developed a scanning pentaprism system that exploits this geometry to measure off-axis
paraboloidal mirrors such as those for the Giant Magellan Telescope primary mirror. Extension of the pentaprism test to
off-axis mirrors requires special attention to field effects that can be ignored in the measurement of an axisymmetric
mirror. The test was demonstrated on a 1. -m diameter off-axis mirror and proved to have about 50nm rms surface
accuracy. This paper gives detailed performance results for the measurement of the 1.7 m mirror, and designs and
analysis for the test of the GMT segments.© (2008) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.