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Proceedings Article

Ray racing techniques applied to the modelling of fluorescent solar collectors

[+] Author Affiliations
T. J. J. Meyer, T. Markvart

Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)

J. Hlavaty, E. R. Freniere

Lambda Research Corp. (USA)

L. Smith

Ceres (USA)

Proc. SPIE 7211, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XVII, 72110N (February 24, 2009); doi:10.1117/12.810922
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From Conference Volume 7211

  • Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XVII
  • Marek Osinski; Bernd Witzigmann; Fritz Henneberger; Yasuhiko Arakawa
  • San Jose, CA | January 24, 2009

abstract

Fluorescent solar collectors represent an alternative to flat plate photovoltaic arrays. With the emphasis on minimizing the use of silicon, the collector is usually composed of a mixture of fluorescent dyes embedded in a transparent medium. The absorbed incoming sunlight is re-emitted at a longer wavelength. A large fraction of fluorescence is totally internally reflected and transported to the edge of the collector, where the solar cell is placed. The key requirements for efficient fluorescent collectors are a good photon transport and a broad absorption of sunlight. The fundamental parameter that determines the efficiency of photon transport is the probability of reabsorption. Based on experimental results and ray-tracing simulations carried out with "TracePro", this publication illustrates the use of ray tracing to model reabsorption in collectors with different shapes as well as inhomogeneous structures, and to assess the validity of the traditional analytical approach. We show that, contrary to expectations, some novel structures (for example, "thin film" or "waveguide" collectors) do not represent an improvement over their corresponding homogeneous collectors and that any variation of the film refractive index on a glass substrate leads to an efficiency drop.

© (2009) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

T. J. J. Meyer ; J. Hlavaty ; L. Smith ; E. R. Freniere and T. Markvart
"Ray racing techniques applied to the modelling of fluorescent solar collectors", Proc. SPIE 7211, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XVII, 72110N (February 24, 2009); doi:10.1117/12.810922; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.810922


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