We have studied the modulation properties of a vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) coupled to an electrooptical modulator. It is shown that, if the modulator is placed in a resonant cavity, the modulation of the light output power is governed predominantly by electrooptic, or electrorefraction effect rather than by electroabsorption. A novel concept of electrooptically modulated (EOM) VCSEL based on the stopband edge-tunable distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) is proposed which allows overcoming the limitations of the first-generation EOM VCSEL based on resonantly coupled cavities. A new class of electrooptic (EO) media is proposed based on type-II heterostructures, in which the exciton oscillator strength increases from a zero or a small value at zero bias to a large value at an applied bias. A EOM VCSEL based on a stopband-edge tunable DBR including a type-II EO medium is to show the most temperature-robust operation. Modeling of a high-frequency response of a VCSEL light output against large signal modulation of the mirror transmittance has demonstrated the feasibility to reach 40 Gb/s operation at low bit error rate. EOM VCSEL showing 60 GHz electrical and ~35 GHz optical (limited by the photodetector response) bandwidths is realized.© (2008) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.