Imaging systems using aspheric imaging lenses with complementary computation can deliver performance unobtainable in conventional imaging systems. These new imaging systems, termed Wavefront coded imaging systems, use specialized optics to capture a coded image of the scene. Decoding the intermediate image provides the "human-usable" image expected of an imaging system. Computation for the decoding step can be made completely transparent to the user with today's technology. Real-time Wavefront coded systems are feasible and cost-effective. This "computational imaging" technology can be adapted to solve a wide range of imaging problems. Solutions include the ability to provide focus-free imaging, to increase the field of view, to increase the depth of read, to correct for aberrations (even in single lens systems), and to account for assembly and temperature induced misalignment. Wavefront coded imaging has been demonstrated across a wide range of applications, including microscopy, miniature cameras, machine vision systems, infrared imaging systems and telescopes.© (2004) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.