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Proceedings Article

Electron-beam lithography for micro- and nano-optical applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel W. Wilson, Richard E. Muller, Pierre M. Echternach, Johan P. Backlund

Jet Propulsion Lab. (USA)

Proc. SPIE 5720, Micromachining Technology for Micro-Optics and Nano-Optics III, 68 (April 11, 2005); doi:10.1117/12.600784
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From Conference Volume 5720

  • Micromachining Technology for Micro-Optics and Nano-Optics III
  • Eric G. Johnson; Gregory P. Nordin; Thomas J. Suleski
  • San Jose, CA | January 22, 2005

abstract

Direct-write electron-beam lithography has proven to be a powerful technique for fabricating a variety of micro and nano-optical devices. Binary E-beam lithography is the workhorse technique for fabricating optical devices that require complicated precision nano-scale features. We describe a bi-layer resist system and virtual-mark height measurement for improving the reliability of fabricating binary patterns. Analog E-beam lithography is a newer technique that has found significant application in the fabrication of diffractive optical elements. We describe our techniques for fabricating analog surface-relief profiles in E-beam resist, including a technique for overcoming the problem of resist heating. We also describe a multiple field size exposure scheme for suppression of diffraction orders produced field-stitch errors in blazed diffraction gratings on non-flat substrates.

© (2005) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Daniel W. Wilson ; Richard E. Muller ; Pierre M. Echternach and Johan P. Backlund
"Electron-beam lithography for micro- and nano-optical applications", Proc. SPIE 5720, Micromachining Technology for Micro-Optics and Nano-Optics III, 68 (April 11, 2005); doi:10.1117/12.600784; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.600784


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