The estimation of the performance of electro-optical systems depends on the accuracy of the atmospheric models being used in the propagation prediction codes. On the basis of a large set of imaging LIDAR measurements a Middle East model of refractive turbulence strength (Cn2) vertical profile has been developed. The model is presented in this work. Implications can be important for optical communication, laser weaponry, imaging through the atmosphere, and adaptive optics.© (2005) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.