We present an RC-model approach for understanding and analysis of holographic storage in photorefractive materials. In this model the resistor, capacitor and the current source are completely defined based on material parameters and light intensities. The model has good accuracy for the practical applications. It can also be used to understand and improve the properties of photorefractive materials for holographic recording. One interesting application of the model is the qualitative analysis of two-center recording. We also discuss this application in detail.© (2002) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.