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Proceedings Article

Precision telescope pointing and spacecraft vibration isolation for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph

[+] Author Affiliations
Larry Dewell, Nelson Pedreiro

Lockheed Martin Space Systems Advanced Technology Ctr.

Carl Blaurock

Nightsky Systems, Inc.

Kuo-Chia Liu

NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr.

James Alexander, Marie Levine

NASA Jet Propulsion Lab.

Proc. SPIE 5899, UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes: Innovative Technologies and Concepts II, 589902 (September 02, 2005); doi:10.1117/12.618939
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From Conference Volume 5899

  • UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes: Innovative Technologies and Concepts II
  • Howard A. MacEwen
  • San Diego, California, USA | July 31, 2005

abstract

The Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph is a visible-light coronagraph to detect planets that are orbiting within the Habitable Zone of stars. The coronagraph instrument must achieve a contrast ratio stability of 2e-11 in order to achieve planet detection. This places stringent requirements on several spacecraft subsystems, such as pointing stability and structural vibration of the instrument in the presence of mechanical disturbance: for example, telescope pointing must be accurate to within 4 milli-arcseconds, and the jitter of optics must be less than 5 nm. This paper communicates the architecture and predicted performance of a precision pointing and vibration isolation approach for TPF-C called Disturbance Free Payload (DFP)* . In this architecture, the spacecraft and payload fly in close-proximity, and interact with forces and torques through a set of non-contact interface sensors and actuators. In contrast to other active vibration isolation approaches, this architecture allows for isolation down to zero frequency, and the performance of the isolation system is not limited by sensor characteristics. This paper describes the DFP architecture, interface hardware and technical maturity of the technology. In addition, an integrated model of TPF-C Flight Baseline 1 (FB1) is described that allows for explicit computation of performance metrics from system disturbance sources. Using this model, it is shown that the DFP pointing and isolation architecture meets all pointing and jitter stability requirements with substantial margin. This performance relative to requirements is presented, and several fruitful avenues for utilizing performance margin for system design simplification are identified.

© (2005) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Citation

Larry Dewell ; Nelson Pedreiro ; Carl Blaurock ; Kuo-Chia Liu ; James Alexander, et al.
"Precision telescope pointing and spacecraft vibration isolation for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph", Proc. SPIE 5899, UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes: Innovative Technologies and Concepts II, 589902 (September 02, 2005); doi:10.1117/12.618939; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.618939


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