A method to measure the longitudinal flow velocity component based on phase resolved frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT) is introduced. At a center wavelength of 800nm the accessible velocity components ranges from 2 micrometers /s up to 2 mm/s. The upper limit is set by half the maximum frame rate of the CCD detector array. The lower limit is determined by the minimum resolvable phase change in the system, which is set by the system phase noise of 1 deg. First tests of the method include the velocity measurement of a mirror mounted on an oscillating piezo translator, and the flow of 8 micrometers latex spheres dispersed in water through a glass capillary.© (2002) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.