The Mauna Kea site houses two eight-meter and two ten-meter class telescopes which will soon by fully operational. In addition to other existing large telescopes already available, the Mauna Kea summit offers a unique opportunity to build a large optical and infrared interferometer in the northern hemisphere with both the highest angular resolution and the highest sensitivity. We discuss the possibility to recombine with single-mode fibers this array whose large telescopes will all be equipped with adaptive optics facilities. We show the tremendous potential of this instrument for astrophysics and how complementary it is to other large arrays now under construction.© (2000) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.