An aspheric wave-front recording system was designed to produce a holographic grating for use in a standard soft X- ray flat field spectrograph interchangeable with a mechanically ruled varied-line-spacing (VLS) grating. The grating grooves recorded with the designed aspheric wave- front recording system were processed to form a laminar groove profile by means of reactive ion etching. Measurements done with synchrotron radiation and a laboratory X-ray source are reported for this laminar-type grating and a commercial grating replicated from a mechanically ruled VLS grating that was specifically designed and fabricated for the standard soft X-ray flat- field spectrography. The laminar-type holographic grating is found to have an absolute first-order efficiency of approximately 10% for wavelengths of approximately 4.5 - 12 nm. It is also shown that the holographic grating is effective in suppressing the higher orders and stray-light level for soft X-ray of 4.36 nm (C-K) and has a comparable spectral resolution to the replica VLS grating.© (2000) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.