A new incoherent Doppler lidar technique for atmospheric wind measurement is presented. This direct detection Doppler lidar is realized by the transmitting laser with two wavelengths and the receiving system with only one bandpass or absorption filter. We fabricated actually the Doppler lidar system using the frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser which was alternately tuned to the both slopes of one absorption line of the molecular iodine with an AO wavelength shifter, and performed simultaneous measurements of the eastward and northward wind components from 8 to 25km altitude with 500m vertical resolution. This Doppler lidar system is very useful to measure the wind profiles between lower troposphere and stratosphere by one effort.© (2001) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.