We present experimental results and computer modeling on the optical properties of the human scleral tissue. The wavelength dependence of the refractive index of collagen fibers in the human scleral tissue was estimated on the base of Mie theory. Dispersion formula describing this dependence was derived. The results are general and can be used to describe optical properties of many other fibrous tissues.© (2000) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.