Space-object identification from ground-based telescopes is challenging because of the degradation in resolution arising from atmospheric turbulence. Phase-diverse speckle is a novel post-detection correction method that can be used to overcome turbulence-induced aberrations for telescopes with or without adaptive optics. We present a simulation study of phase-diverse speckle satellite reconstructions for the Air Force Maui Optical station 1.6-meter telescope. For a given turbulence strength, satellite reconstruction fidelity is evaluated as a function of quality and quantity of data. The credibility of this study is enhanced by reconstructions from actual compensated data collected wit the 1.5-meter telescope at the Starfire Optical Range. Consistent details observed across a time series of reconstructions from a portion of a satellite pass enhance the authenticity of these features. We conclude that phase-diverse speckle can restore fine-resolution features not apparent in the raw aberrated images of space objects.© (1997) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.