A hybrid technique is presented that simultaneously uses both electromagnetic and acoustic waves in a synergistic manner to detect buried land mines. The system consists of an electromagnetic radar and an acoustic source. The acoustic source causes both the mine and the surface of the earth to be displaced. The electromagnetic radar is used to detect these displacements and, thus, the mine. To demonstrate the viability of this technique, an experimental system has been constructed. The system uses an electrodynamic transducer to induce an acoustic surface wave, a tank filled with damp sand to simulate the earth, a simulated mine, and a radar to measure the vibrations. The technique looks promising; we have been able to detect both simulated antipersonnel mines and antitank mines buried in damp sand from the experimental results obtained with the system.© (1998) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.