The paper summarizes laser beam steering techniques for power beaming, sensing, and communication applications. Principles and characteristics of novel mechanical, micro-mechanical and non-mechanical techniques are compiled. Micro-lens based coarse beam steering in combination with liquid crystal or electro-optical phase control for fine steering is presented in more detail. This review addresses beam steering devices which modulate the phase distribution across a laser beam and excludes intra-cavity beam steering, beam steering based on combining tuneable lasers with dispersive optical elements, active optical phased arrays, and optical waveguides.© (2006) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.